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To a Schoolgirl in America: Writing Advice from C. S. Lewis


I was browsing my copy of Letters of C. S. Lewis (a British first edition, of course!)  and happened upon this little gem. Those of us who write would do well to heed this advice—especially the part about not listening to the radio, for which we should substitute Netflix, Facebook, and bingeing on podcasts. It’s not that those things are necessarily bad, but if you’re going to indulge in them you forfeit your right to ever complain about not having time to finish your book. I’m preaching to myself here, of course.

I also had a hard time with number seven, because computers.

On with the list!


TO A SCHOOLGIRL IN AMERICA, who had written (at her teacher’s suggestion) to request advice on writing.


14 December, 1959

It is very hard to give any general advice about writing. Here’s my attempt.

  1. Turn off the Radio.

  2. Read all the good books you can, and avoid nearly all magazines.

  3. Always write (and read) with the ear, not the eye. You should hear every sentence you write as if it was being read aloud or spoken. If it does not sound nice, try again.

  4. Write about what really interests you, whether it is real things or imaginary things, and nothing else. (Notice this means that if you are interested only in writing you will never be a writer, because you will have nothing to write about. . . .)

  5. Take great pains to be clear. Remember that though you start by knowing what you mean, the reader doesn’t, and a single ill-chosen word may lead him to a total misunderstanding. In a story it is terribly easy just to forget that you have not told the reader something that he wants to know—the whole picture is so clear in your own mind that you forget that it isn’t the same in his.

  6. When you give up a bit of work don’t (unless it is hopelessly bad) throw it away. Put it in a drawer. It may come in useful later. Much of my best work, or what I think my best, is the re-writing of things begun and abandoned years earlier.

  7. Don’t use a typewriter. The noise will destroy your sense of rhythm, which still needs years of training.

  8. Be sure you know the meaning (or meanings) of every word you use.

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